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IFR Example

IFR Flight Example Transcript

  • In real life you should file a flight plan before starting an IFR flight
  • There is no altitude limit to fly IFR. However, you have to comply with the Flight Level Allocation Scheme of each airway. (FLAS)
  • IFR means that you fly and navigate to your destination by means of Navigational aids such as VOR beacons, NDB Beacons and Intersections. Usually they will fly on waypoints and Airways as published on different flight charts. For the routes connecting from the airport to the airways in the sky, please refer to the Standard Instrument Departure Routes (SIDs) and Standard Terminal Arrival Routes (STARs) as you can find on the charts of different airports.
  • If your flight commences outside controlled airspace (see airway charts) you do not need clearance to operate, however you must turn to unicom channel 122.8  and make all the blind calls for every movement you have done. Remain outside controlled airspace until you are cleared to enter.

The following is a transcript of an IFR flight, CPA408, from Hong Kong International Airport (VHHH) to Taipei Taoyuan International Airport (RCTP), with full ATC along the way:

The time now is 2245. The departure time is well over the time for noise abatement procedures, hence CPA408 has to use RASSE3A instead of OCEAN2A to avoid overflying Victoria Harbour.

CPA408 is now fully prepared, with flight plan sent as follows:

RASSE3A V3 M750 TG1A

CPA408: 
Hong Kong Delivery, Cathay 408, Boeing 747-400, stand S33 with information GOLF 1017, request IFR Clearance to Taipei

VHHH_DEL:
CPA408, good evening, Cleared to Taipei, RASSE3A, Runway 07R, Squawk 5323.

CPA408:
Cleared to Taipei, RASSE3A, Runway 07R, Squawk 5323, CPA408

CPA408 puts the squawk on standby, with the code set to 5323. Set the Altitude to 5000 feet, the initial altitude of RASSE3A.

VHHH_DEL:
CPA408, readback correct, contract Ground 122.55 when ready.

Now the very late wealthy unruly  passenger has got on board. No one can get on or out of the plane now. Change the COM1 to 122.55.

CPA408:
Hong Kong Ground, CPA408, stand S33, ready for start up and push back.

VHHH_GND:
CPA408, start up and push back approved, facing west if able. Report ready for taxi.

CPA408:
Start up and push back approved, facing west, CPA408

You can start your engines. Press Shift+P to push back with 1 and 2 for turning left or right. Remember not to crash on other planes nearby.

CPA408:
We are ready for taxi, CPA408

VHHH_GND:
CPA408, taxi to holding point Runway 07R via taxiway H7 H, H1, QNH 1017.

CPA408:
Taxi to holding point Runway 07R via H7, H, H1, QNH 1017, CPA408.

Take a piece of paper and write the route. Compare it with the ground chart. Sometimes the taxiways are not as striaght forward as in Hong Kong. Set the QNH to 1017.

VHHH_GND:
CPA408, contact Hong Kong Tower South, 118.4

CPA408:
Contact Tower 118.4, CPA408

Change the COM1 to 118.4.

Hold at the holding point. Do not enter the runway without permission of the ATC. You might crash on other landing traffic. Put the squawk to mode C both on the plane and on IVAP.

CPA408:
Hong Kong Tower , CPA408 holding point H1 Runway 07R, ready for departure.

VHHH_TWR:
CPA408, after the preceding Boeing 777, line up and wait runway 07R.

CPA408:
After the Boeing 777, Line-up and wait runway 07R, CPA408.

Check the Boeing 777. After it takes off, slowly taxy into the runway. Do not take off unless you have received ‘cleared for take off’.

VHHH_TWR:
CPA408, surface wind 160 degrees, 6 knots, cleared for take-off runway 07R.

CPA408:
Runway 07R, cleared take-off, CPA408.

After V1, put your hands off the throttle. At Rotate, slowly pull your yoke towards you to climb out. Retract your gear after you get airborne. Turn NAV and  AP on.

VHHH_TWR:
CPA408, contact Departure 123.8.

CPA408:
Contact Departure 123.8, CPA408.

Change the COM1 to 123.8

CPA408:
Hong Kong Departure, CPA408 passing 1500ft for 5000ft, RASSE3A Departure

VHHH_DEP:
CPA408, radar identified, climb FL250.

CPA408:
Climb FL250, CPA408

Turn your Altitude knob to 25000 feet. After the transition altitude of 9000 feet, turn the QNH to Standard / 1013

VHHH_DEP:
CPA408, Contact Hong Kong Radar on 118.925

CPA408:
Roger. Contact Hong Kong Radar on 118.925. Good day, CPA408.

Change the COM1 to 118.925.

CPA408:
Hong Kong Radar, CPA408 with you, FL250.

VHHH_CTR:
CPA408, Hong Kong Radar, identified, climb FL350.

CPA408:
Climb FL350, CPA408.

Turn your Altitude knob to 35000 feet. 

VHHH_CTR:
Radar service terminated, contact Taipei on 126.3.

CPA408:
Contact Taipei on 126.3. Good day, CPA408.

Change the COM1 to 126.3.

You are now in Taipei Airspace.

CPA408:
Taipei Control, CPA408 with you at ENVAR, FL350, squawking 5323.

RCTP_CTR:
CPA408, radar contact, maintain FL350.

CPA408:
Maintain FL350, CPA408

RCAA_CTR:
CPA408, descend FL260, expect TONGA 1A Arrival, Runway 05R.

CPA408:
Descend FL260, TONGA 1A Arrival, Runway 05R, CPA408.

Turn your Altitude knob to 26000 feet. Check your FMC and set TONGA1A and Runway 05R.

RCAA_CTR:
CPA408, contact Taipei Approach on 125.1.

CPA408:
Contact Taipei Approach on 125.1, CPA408.

Change the COM1 to 125.1

CPA408:
Taipei Approach, CPA408 passing FL300 for FL260 overhead TONGA.

RCTP_APP:
CPA408, Approach, Roger, descend to 4000 feet, Cleared TONGA1A Arrival for ILS runway 05R, QNH 1010.

CPA408:
Descend 4000 feet, TONGA1A Arricval for ILS Runway 05R, QNH 1010. CPA408

Turn your Altitude knob to 4000 feet. After the transition level of 13000 feet in Taipei, turn the QNH to local QNH (1010 in this case).

RCTP_APP:
CPA408, turn right heading 070, Cleared ILS runway 05R approach, report established.

CPA408:
Turn right heading 070, Cleared ILS runway 05R approach, will report established, CPA408.

Turn the Heading knob to 070, set the ILS Frequency of 05R 110.7 and Course 053. Press APP to establish the localiser.

CPA408:
Localiser established Runway 05R, CPA408.

RCTP_APP:
CPA408, Contact Tower 118.7 good day.

CPA408:
Contact Tower 118.7, CPA408.

Change the COM1 to 118.7


CPA408:

Tower, CPA408 with you, 10 miles, Runway 05R.

RCTP_TWR:
Continue Approach, preceding traffic on the runway.

CPA408:
Roger, continue approach.

Check the preceding traffic in sight or on TCAS. Prepare for going around if it cannot vacate the runway in time.

RCTP_TWR:
CPA408, Wind 060 at 5 knots, Cleared to land, Runway 05R.

CPA408:
Cleared to land runway 05R, CPA408.

Disengage the AP when you are comfortable to take control.
Slightly pull the yoke towards you to flare the plane so it touches the ground, not smashing into the ground.

RCTP_TWR:
CPA408, contact Taipei Ground 121.7.

CPA408:
Contact Ground 121.7, CPA408.

Change the COM1 to 121.7. Put the squawk to standby both on the plane and on IVAP.

CPA408:
Taipei Ground, CPA408 vacated runway 05R via S6.

RCTP_GND
CPA408, taxi gate B9 via S6, SS.

CPA408:
gate B9 via S6, SS, CPA408.

Take a piece of paper and write the route. Compare it with the ground chart. 

CPA408:
At gate B9, engine shutdown. Thanks so much for your service tonight.

Shut down the Engine and open the door to let the terrified passengers out. Then head for the nearest pub for a pint.